This is about a traditional cottage on the Northumberland Strait in Nova Scotia. It has attachments to  a very old human habitation known to the Anglo-Latin folk as a cot or cote. Considered with its' outbuilding or buidings this acreage was described as a cotagium. The French speaking Normans who conquered Britain and 1066 had a similar word cotage and these evolved into the Middle English word cottage, which has been used in English dialects for centuries varying in meaning as well as pronunciation over time. The poetic excerpt is pure Rabbie Burns.

Buildings like this have been constructed in Europe since medieval times and the Old English cote was seen as masculine and cot as feminine. Hence a cot was seen as a smaller dwelling. Residents of such a house were known as cot-sitters or cotters. The primitive cot is perhaps derived from a different source. the Hindi khat. The shieling was a roughly constructed temporary shelter for housing animals (sheep in the case of Scots) and their owners on the way to and from highland seasonal pastures. The Lone Shieling replica had a central fire pit but no chimney. Smoke escaped through a hole in the roof directly above the flame. In a more settled farming, rather than herding situation,  there were more amenities but it was always a humble crowded place for a family, and hardly as romantic as this painting suggests.

The Online Etymological Dictionary describes the English word "cottage" as arising in the late thirteenth century and thinks it evolved from combining the Old French cote with the Old French suffix -age. They state that the masculine form probably at first described "the entire property attached to a cote. These word smiths suggest that the Old French cote derived from the Old Norse kot, a "hut." The Old English cot or cote, which has a similar meaning is seen a leaning upon the Proto-Germanic kutan. This assembly of medieval buildings is aesthetically pleasing. However, Ruth, whose family lived in one in England says they are damp, sometimes cold and dark even where modern accouterments have been added. Some are, to this day, full-time residences.

This structure at Kingsburg, Nova Scotia is described as a "rustic cottage" and is probably a seasonal dwelling. It was the site of a somewhat weird wedding in 2012, which is described elsewhere on line. Some might see it as an abandoned railway box car. Others might slightingly describe it as a hut, "a small single-story building of simple or crude construction, serving as a poor, rough, or temporary house or shelter." That word derives from Middle High German and identifies a rough shelter thrown up to house military troops on the move. Being a recent construct it is probably bug proof and more  impressive inside.

This is rudimentary shelter. That's my dad with pistol. This tent camp was set up on the Pennfield flats hunting ground in New Brunswick back in the early part of the last century. People have tolerated a high degree of inconvenience in times past ans sheltered in shacks, shanties, sheds, lean-tos and worse, hopefully for short periods of time.

The McDougall Lake cabin was top diggs in the outback. These hunters are from St. Stephen, New Brunswick: Cap McWha and Ed Carter, friends of my granddad Wes Mckay.  Cottages were seen as a step up from camps. In Britain this designated a "small country residence" by 1765, and former associations with tenancy or poverty were dropped. The current French word cottage was reborrowed from the English. The expression cottage industry in attested from 1921 and has no negative connotations.

Ronald Searle's Black Forest cottage. Currently a cottage is, regarded as a small house. It may carry the connotation of being an old or old-fashioned building. It is usually a modest, often cosey dwelling, typically located in a rural or semi-rural location. The word comes from the architecture of England, and originally referred to a house with ground floor living space and an upper floor containing one or more bedrooms fitting entirely or  partly located under the eaves. Cottages may be detached  or row houses. In North America, buildings known as cottages are most often used for weekend or summer getaways by city dwellers. Some owners rent their properties to tourists as a source of revenue. While Eastern Canadians refer their seasonal-use dwellings as "cottages" they are generally referred to as "cabins" in other parts of North America.

In those parts, a cottage is thought of as a homestead remote from a large body of water.  "This is most notable in the Midwest and Western United States, and Western Canada. In much of Northern Ontario, New England, and upstate New York, a summer house near a body of water is known as a camp." - Wikpedia.  A designation like this falters in Nova Scotia where no community is less than fifty miles from the Salt and there is a huge indented coastline. Even inland, the province is so dotted with lakes the land appears afloat on water when seen from the air. Did, I mention that one needs to be careful in the vicinity of any seasonal dwelling. There are no poisonous snakes in these parts and even the black bear, massive moose and coyotes are not universally feared, although deeply respected and kept at a distance where possible.

The local species is very small but persistent and very common following periods of rain. The good news is that they are daunted by low temperatures and the high winds blowing in the vicinity of the ocean and they favour low-lying swampy areas rather than hill tops, which is where our cottage is located. The bad news is that they favour  wooded environments and there are lots of trees nearby. The West Nile Virus which is transmitted by some species of mosquito never became epidemic or endemic as was once suggested. Even a single "vampire bug" can try one's struggle for survival at 2 am in the morning. Unfortunately, there are worse bugs afflicting our environment, but sufficient unto the day...

But then life is a great balancing act, n'est ce pas? Never smile at a crocodile.

This hunting and fishing camp was a part of my childhood education, but unlike my grandfather Wesley and my dad, Stewart, I never excelled as a "sportsman." Inset, my father as a youthful Lord Fauntleroy. This one was immediately north of Lake Utopia, which is immediately north of St. George. New Brunswick. During World War II, hunting and fishing provided a good supply of meat and fish protein.

There were no wonder drugs to battle communicable diseases, so those families that could afford it built cottages outside urban St. Stephen, and relocated women and children during the dangerous summer months. Ours was build six miles south at Blackhall's Beach on Oak Bay, a massive salt water inlet. It nearly mirrored the cottage in which I write and was built in the early 1940s. I stained the shingles green and helped nailed them to that cottage. I also fashioned those "Ms" for the window shutters. That is my grandmother, Bessie Stewart in the outer veranda doorway, which had a screen door. as did the window openings. Architecturally, this now defunct structure and the one still standing at Chance Harbour are bungalows.

For the record this is a cottage. Several different forms of cottage developed but all had a veranda or porch. The main entertainment of the time was watching the passing parade and this area of the home was the center for activities during the warm weather. The framing was simplistic with no decorative moulding except wooden gutters which extended around the broken pediments. Quite often the windows were fitted with multiple panes reversing an earlier trend to larger surfaces of glass. Siding could be either shingle or clapboard and sometimes the shingles were shaped to give the home a bit of extra character.

A bungalow. This home and that above were manufactured and sold as prefabricated kits by Canadian Aladdin, a subdivision of a Michigan firm, which had headquarters in the C.P.R. building in Toronto with branch offices in Saint John, Winnipeg, and Vancouver, and mills in Ontario, New Brunswick, and British Columbia. he company conducted a coast to coast business from 1905 to 1952. Houses were precut at the factory and shipped to the railway station closest to the customer. This bungalow was one of many designs but its  incorporation of the porch roof into that of the main house sets it apart stylistically. Aladdin produced 15,000 floor plans for prefabricated housing during the years it was in business and it was a small player compared with Sear's Homes in the United States.


My grandfathers Foursquare designed home (1) was at 17 Rose Street  (1) in St. Stephen. The home numbered 2 is an example of a cottage. My family home at 30 Rose Street was built as a standard bungalow, but the veranda roof was vandalized and other changes made. All were built from scratch at much less cost than a prefab.

This modest carpenter-built bungalow dates from early in the last century. The addition was made after mid-century to accommodate the grandchildren of Hard and Eunice Torey who had their home at Brookside Avenue in New Glasgow, where he was Collector of Customs & Excise. The small-paned windows were added to enclose what had been an open porch were added after they purchased the basic house from a doctor who purchased land from the Reids, early settlers to the area. Until the beginning of World War II, the Torey family of three vacationed in summer at the Patterson Guest Home in Tatamagouche, but gasoline rationing ended this as a possibility and they bought this "cottage" property early in the 1940s.  It was at first heated by a antiquated Franklin fireplace with light provided by kerosene lanterns. An ice box was used to preserve food in the kitchen area and there were chamber pots and an outhouse. Potable water was brought from New Glasgow and rainwater collected to wash dishes.


That said this cottage which has remained in the family for about three-quarters of a century is located in the Municipality District of Pictou a bit north east of the Town of Trenton. Just about all the property shown was once owned by the Sinclairs (west of Chance Harbour) or the Reids (east of The Chance). A chance is "the occurrence and development of events in the absence of any obvious design." This is a harbour whose thoroughfare or estuary is very chancy since it  has a partial bay mouth bar consisting of shifting sands. The chance can be broad and shallow or narrow and deep depending on the vagarities of wind, tides and cross-currents. It shifts eastward or westward without notice. The harbour is protected from storm surge, but that entry precludes use by large ships. Since it is shallow waters here are warm compared with those on the open strait.

Our winter base is at Mahone Bay on the open Atlantic coast (lower star). The summer cottage (which does have electric heat) is two-an-a quarter hours north east by road. That offshore land mass is the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island. The white line separates Canada from the United States of America.

Another look at the coast  rotated to show Melmerby Public Beach tombolo connecting with Roy Island. Little Harbour is immediately within Roy Island and the tombolo. Inset, a satellite view of Black Beach which terminates at Black Point. Anne Torey's uncle Donald Mackay owned a former inn which his family used as summer home (far right). The late Mr. and Mrs. Robert Mackenzie owned farm property on an old grant bounded by The Chance on the north and Reid lands on the south. The old homestead is still held by his son George and his wife Elizabeth, but that extensive property is undergoing a building boom. Location, location, location.

This land grant and ownership map from the 1870s shows the relatively small Mackenzie property to the right of Chance Harbour next to that of J.R. Reid. It also names Powell Cove, McNeils Cove and the Mill Pond. Roy Island is given here as Rock Island. David Sinclair was the grantee of the island immediately west of Chance Harbour. He also had holdings on the mainland to the southwest. Clan MacGregor and others held lands immediately south of the Harbour.

One can occupy a Nova Scotian cottage if there is a body of water nearby, but having a fine sand strand in view creates a huge increase in property value. That might explain why the Chance Harbour Beach (partly obscured by the chart) surround is sparsely populated at 6 inhabitants per square kilometre. Most of it does not have public access. The average temperature in this region is 4 degrees Celsius. The warmest month is August averaging 20 degrees. Rainfall is shown in blue, the average being 1,588 mm. The rainy month is September, the driest May.

Closer view of the Chance Harbour estuary emphasizing its shifting sands and shallow nature. Geologically this area is dominated by the Pictou Formation, rocks of Late Carboniferous to Permian age, deposited as sediments in the Cumberland Basin. These are beds of red sandstone with some siltstone. Rarely Conglomerate and coal is found. Fossil remains include bivalves, ostracods, fish, amphibians and plant fragments, some seen eroded and exposed in cliff faces. A low tide The Chance can be waded to access the beach on Sinclairs Island.

Those beaches are never lacking in a source for fine sand but in sixty years of observing the coastline I have seen a great loss of land due to weather and erosion created by sea surge and wave action. Once an agricultural oasis, the area now boasts streets with names and streetlights and is filling up with houses and people and a much larger sense of private ownership. Initially the Mackenzie Road was unnamed and Black Point Road penetrated the woods in back of a few cottages and ran all the way to Black Point, now a stub of once very long ness. Over the last decades, portions of the old road (blue lines) have been lost to forest. Black Point Lane, further south, is new since my last residence. As long time vacationers we have access to the beach because of past friendships and one legal right of way (green lines).

It Appears that with the development of Black Point Lane, the second turn off from Mackenzie Road has become central to that byway and Black Point Front is third in order toward the Strait.The place  where we are staying has small, but ample,"acreage." It is embraced by Reid territory on three sides.

In Nova Scotia,which has always had close ties to Britain, cottage is still largely defined as a small house, but villa and chalet, bothy and dascha are uncommon synonyms of European origin.  The dialectic Scottish bot and ben is uncommon as are the American terms, pad and semi. Of course, small in relative, directly proportionate to an owner's wealth.

For example, in my home county Sir William Van Horne de Montreal summered in what nearby St. Andrews residents referred to as his "cottage," "X" marks the spot. "The 280-hectare (690-acre) island stands several hundred metres offshore immediately northeast of the town and is a geographical novelty in that it is accessible at low tide by a wide gravel bar suitable for vehicular travel. By the time of Van Horne’s death in 1915, the island had been transformed into a small Xanadu, sporting a sandstone mansion furnished in the most lavish late Edwardian manner, manicured grounds, scenic roads, greenhouses turning out exotic fruits and vegetables, as well as a breeding farm producing prize-winning Clydesdale horses and Dutch Belted cattle."

An American citizen, he was invited to Canada to build the Canadian Pacific Railway, and created a branch line from the upperty provinces connecting with his summer place near St. Andrews, New Brunswick. Sir William Van Horne, the president of the Canadian Pacific Railway transformed the 280-hectare (690-acre) into a small Xanadu, sporting a sandstone mansion furnished in lavish late Edwardian style, manicured grounds, scenic roads, greenhouses turning out exotic fruits and vegetables, as well as a breeding farm producing prize-winning Clydesdale horses and Dutch Belted cattle. Minister’s Island was inherited by Sir William’s daughter Adaline in 1915. Like him she loved the Island, loved cattle, and maintained the property in pristine condition until her death in 1941. The estate was acquired by the province in 1982 The island has been declared a National Historic Site and is accessible at low tide by a wide gravel bar suitable for vehicular travel. There is also ferry service for tourists and visitors. Early on this was a smaller "cottage" which grew over the years.

Frank H. Sobey, OC (May 24 1902 – December 15, 1985). left school following Grade 8. His father built a 2-storey store in grocery store in Stellarton's central business district. At the age of sixteen he enrolled in business college. In 1924, he persuaded his father to expand the store to carry a full range of groceries (above, left) opening stores in the nearby industrial towns of New Glasgow, Trenton and Westville, as well as in Antigonish. Sobeys Inc. is now a $24.6 billion company with more than 1,500 corporate and franchise stores across the country. He and his wife Irene raised four children in their home in Abercrombie just outside Trenton and New Glasgow. It is now open to the public as an art gallery. There have been other success stories in Pictou County's past and cottages that rival Van Horne's in floor area.

Nothing on our part of the Northumberland Strait matches the Covenoven estate in terms of acreage.  In the past vehicles have been caught on the bar road by fast rising tides. Therefore all crossings to and from the island are by convoy led by a tour guide. The following rules are enforced: 1. All tour participants shall remain with the tour guide.
2. Visitors are asked to refrain from smoking while on the island.
3. Out of a concern for the island's wildlife and for the comfort of other visitors, household pets are not permitted on the island.
4. There are no picnic facilities or food services on the island. No alcoholic beverages permitted.
5. Please respect the natural flora and fauna of this unique island. Removal of any plants or disturbing any wildlife is forbidden.
6 . All members of the public must leave the island at the conclusion of the guided tour. Camping or extended stays are strictly forbidden.

"Fees collected are used by The Ministers Island Advisory Committee towards the operation and further improvements of the Island for the enjoyment of all of our friends and visitors."

Sinclairs Island was originally granted to a David Sinclair. A causeway connects it with Chance Harbour and at this writing it was more densely peopled than Black Point across the harbour. At a guess, I would say it is somewhat smaller than Ministers Island.

A wide range of cottages can be seen on
the Viewpoint Realty page, a few assessed in the half million dollar range with taxes to match. At the  lower end are a few structures assessed at a little more than $100,000.


Here is an example of one complex which possibly rivals Covenhoven in floor area and beats it hands down when it comes to amenities. Description is provided by the architectural firm which built the place. It has a huge breakwater constructed of steel and concrete on the water side.

You can view four photos on McCormack Architects web page. The style is decidedly modern eclectic. According to Viewpoint ownership changed  last year when the place sold for a little less than current assessed value of $458.900. The original owners of this house definitely regarded it as a "cottage."

"In the spring of 1904 Archie Pelton along with Mr. Porter of Kentville, a successful businessman went to the first automobile show in New York city.  Here they bought two Curved Dash Oldsmobiles and had them shipped to Nova Scotia.  These were the first two cars in the province for resale.  In 1904 there were 15 other cars in the Province, but these had been bought by their owners in the United States."
 In June, 1907 a newspaper said, "New Glasgow during the past week has got another of the 'devil wagons'.  Possibly more will follow.  This is free country — within certain limits.  However, we feel fairly certain that besides the danger and injury inflicted these 'devil wagons' will lose the merchants of the town thousands of dollars worth of trade, because the country people will not, and justly so, risk their lives, coming or going from town, by meeting one of these machines."
Without that invention much of outback Nova Scotia would have remained as farming countryside.

Appropriate, eh! Especially since Good Queen Vick developed the concept of any excuse for a holiday. It is celebrated May 24.

Queen Victoria had a number of vacation homes to which she Prince Albert and the children could escape when life at Buckingham Palace in London became overly demanding. There was Balmoral  Castle in Scotland and Osborne House on the Isle of Wight off England's south coast.

Balmoral had this "Scots Cottage" on premises. That is a story in itself.

Osborne House was never represented as a cottage, but was within walking distance of  Osborne Beach where Victoria kept her "swimming machine (1) and changing rooms (2).

Osborne House  was on the edge of being palatial, and it was here that Her Majesty conducted state business and correspondence in summer.

In those seemingly modest times women of means rode the rails down to the water in"machines" like this. Retainers pushed the vehicle into the water and then left Victoria, returning when she signaled that her exercise was finished.

Here a reenactor models the costume worn by Victorian women prepared for a dip.

Osborne Beach was opened to the public in 2012.


That  seeming guard house was Vickies meditation station. Up the hill from it,the family "cottage."

Julia Baird has noted that Victoria became a single mother when Albert died at the age of 42. "We love to accuse powerful women of being evil mothers. But if Victoria were to be convicted because she had the hots for her husband, disliked being pregnant and criticized her children, the ranks of bad mothers across the globe would swell rather rapidly" Of course, the queen's children were never entirely left unsupervised.

This Swiss cottage actually was torn down in Switzerland and ferried to the Isle of Wight for reassembly. A dorm playhouse for the children in contrast to the grounds where her nine offspring were vigorously encouraged to plant gardens so that they might not lose "the common touch."

Even royals are not immune to outrageous misfortune. This cottage on Loch Katrina was built for the Queen as a residence when she was invited to Scotland to inaugurate the opening of a water supply system for Glasgow. At the opening ceremony nearby, windows of "The Royal Cottage" were shattered by the traditional 21-gun salute.  It was decided that the queen and her retainers would fin quarters elsewhere, but a sudden cloudburst, washed out the ceremony and they had to shelter here. Glasgow Water Works now has the "cottage" for sale at £325,000.

The concept of "cottage" was relative to an individuals wealth in the Victorian Era. The tendency was to build upward following European models although there was lots of land available at low cost in the Americas The "cottage home" was not always "humble" and not necessarily small.

By Edwardian times the cottage dropped to a single floor and went horizontal. This plan was introduced in the 1920s.

By mid-century cottages were continuing to hog land area and remain horizontal.

As that century ended vertical buildings came back into favour.

In this century there is a lot of variance in cottage design, but some are clearly back to the future!

Compare and contrast especially when it comes to price?

The Alexander Colville Cottage on the campus of Mount Allison University at Sackville, New Brunswick. Carpenter Gothic, ca.1870s.

By Edwardian times cottages were becoming less heaven-seeking in design.

Nova Scotian concrete cottages built in the 1920s.

And this was in 1950.

The first A-frame cottages were built on the ground in the 1970s, but today they are elevated. In storm surge all of these beach front cottages have a better chance of survival, although the supports are frail in terms of the damage moving water can do.

Actually cottages on stilts have been built in the previous century.

A man's home is... (imperiled by global warming). This one stands on St Margaret's Bay, Nova Scotia.

A high land location is a better bet, and vertical does make sense as long as residents are mobile.

Even better.

Perhaps more practical. This is another local cottage, but I would not want to worry out a hurricane here. I'll take the high road...

So why do people create or buy cottages?  There is need, and/or greed. Above, Ronald Pearle's avenging angel, but we have seen no sign of her in our interactions with relentless landlords. Vacation rentals can be a different kettle of dead fish. R&R would like to own a cottage but that is impractical for those of us seniors who face unintended improvidence.How about a vacation rental for a week each year?

You can be guaranteed a fairly decent week at a rental vacation cottage starting at about $1200. If a vacationer does rent, the advantages are a home base and one unpacking/packing experience as well as a place to rest from touring. Generally one gets more square footage and more distance from noisy neighbours. A visitor can choose the amenities which suits his or her needs, and money can be saved by buying and cooking one's own food. That is a huge expenditure for those at the bottom of the disposable income ladder.  There are $300 a week accommodations, but...

Do not believe the reviews or claims of vacation rental intermediates, who depend on property owners for their livelihood. Avoid renting from an absentee landlord, and do not assume that the presence of a property manager guarantees anything. In 2016, we rented a property in Nova Scotia sight unseen, only to discover that the manager was resident in far away Newfoundland and, at a guess, had never visited our homeland.  Rent directly from a resident owner and have a look at the place beforehand if possible. You may need to bring along your own bedding, towels and accessories and most do not provide maid service. A $300 cleanup fee is a part of some contracts. The "cozy cottage" pictured on line may be furnished with dated garage sales rejects or have other drawbacks one could not anticipate. Beware! If you can't handle unpleasant surprises stick with a reliable hotel chain, which may cost less in terms of angst.

R&R are not suggesting that cottage rentals are a bad choice. They can be affordable, unusual, and more fun that a motel or hotel room. However, read their list of features carefully. Recently, we accepted photographic evidence of a dishwasher to mean that there was a dishwasher. It was inoperative. Don't expect anything not explicitly mentioned in the preview to be available or helpful.

Skip the reviews. The only one we found was posted by a relative in Arizona. Lots of landlords have many retainers relatives and friends who will give a good reports in exchange for beer or wine. Cleaning fees and damage deposits are common in the rental business and not always refundable in part or whole. Local real estate offices are an alternative to on-line biggie vacation rental businesses.

When it comes to rentals in Nova Scotia, the law favours landlords at a ratio of about  80 to 20% (Dalhousie University Legal Aid).  VRBO (Vacation Rental By Owner) definitely suggests that a renter is dealing with an owner, but it accepts listings from agents, who get a commission. You won't get a warm, fuzzy connection with this middleman. In the case of rentals, the owner may not even be in the same country. That has happened to us once. Expect parking, but do not be surprised if it is inconvenient.

Travel and tourism is not that different, except that the latter attempts to side-step adventure.

A few visitors simply wish to be left alone.

Swimming in The Salt is another means of escape. Of course, all vacationers have their concept of of j0y.

There is music, live performance being preferred, but locally at $30 a ticket we won't be hearing Matt Anderson and crew at the New Glasgow Festival.

milt gross

Then there is reconciliation. Milt Gross was an American cartoonist.

As was Chas Addams.

Some folk thrive on global warming, which has been going on for decades.

Then there is confrontation.

And Venus on the half shell. Strange but true?

Edward Gorey's version of a late afternoon at the beach. Note the cottages which match their attire.

There are beached and fresh-water swimming holes.

The Teenie Weenies was a comic strip created and illustrated by American cartoonist William Donahey.  It first appeared in 1914 in the Chicago Tribune and ran for more than 50 years. In 1924 the little folk disappeared from the newspaper when he commenced creating lucratice ads for Monarch Foods. Here they are seen as coopers. The sweets were not what one might suppose.

Here they are seen loading a barrel with tiny pickles.

In 1926 he came up with the idea of recycling a barrel for reuse as a home for two newlyweds. This was a very popular ad and Monarch decided to replicate this cottage in the real world.

The barrel house cottage was gifted upon Mr. & Mrs. Donahey who placed in the woods at Sable Lake a few miles from Grand Marais, where they lived, It was a 16 foot high structures with living quarters on the ground floor and a bedroom on the second. A small barrel connected to the main cottage at the rear housed their kitchen. They vacationed there for ten years but it became a huge tourist attraction drawing up to 200 passersby in a day.

On 1937, they gave the building to a local Michigan businessman who moved it to town.  Over the years it was used as an ice cream stand, an information centre and a gift shop. With the Teenie Weenies removed from public.  it fell into disrepair and was about to collapse by 2003.

At that point the Grand Marais Historical Society purchases the cottage and completely restored the living quarters, which are open to the public as a museum. Donahey's personal possessions are on display and the Tennie Weenie association has been restored.

Stephen P. H. Butler Leacock, FRSC was a Canadian teacher, political scientist, writer, and humorist. Between the years 1915 and 1925, he was the best-known English-speaking humorist in the world. He guessed that "Advertising may be described as the science of arresting the human intelligence long enough to get money from it." He was very good when it came to humouring that muse.
I can tell you from experience that the rudest cottage neats a pup tent. The last time I shared  one was at Cape Breton Highlands National Park in the days when DDT was considered a harmless substance. When blood-thirsty female mosquitoes appeared at 1 am in the morning, spray tankers teated the entire campsite to a fog of that substance.

Later it did rain and at dawn Anne & Rod retreated to the Chance Harbour cottage. Donahey openly admitted that his Teenie Weenies were based on Palmer Cox's Brownie. He was born in 1842 and died in 1921 and was successful as an "American artist" he built "Brownie Castle" and retired in his home town in Quebec.

That was back in the 1960s. The four children had been visit upon their grandparents (above, centre and right) for what we thought would be a three day vacation. In those days, the living room was wood heated, but today insurance issues favour electric heat.Today it looks as seen at right. The original Victorian wood burner worked very well, but when Mr. Torey  replaced it with an expensive Lunenburg Foundry model which smoked up the interior...

That intuitive quote comes from the late Pablo Picasso.  Painters and sculptors  do a lot of copying early on since the Muse Of Art does not appear for them precipitously on a half shell. "Saturated hues." Everyone liked that look in the angst surrounding the mid twentieth century. An idealized world helped people escape the dirty thirties and the wretched forties.

Parrish? No! This is a cottage concrete lawn ornament on the lawn of one of Charles MacDonald's concrete cottages in Centreville, Nova Scotia. It is hardly a hub these days. Located near Kentville, Nova Scotia it was once a junction on the Cornwallis Valley Railway branch line of the Dominion Atlantic Railway.

He is best known for this jelly bean all-concrete cottage. The jelly beans were local rocks. Centreville was home to the 1930s artist, Charles Macdonald, somewhat famous for his work in concrete. Another important Centreville resident was Roscoe Fillmore, a well-known C.B.C. commentator/gardener, greenhouse operator and author. Macdonald and Fillmore were members of a group of moderate leftists who regularly met in Centreville during the 1930s and 40s and became known as "the Centreville Socialists".

MacDonald was into mechanical "Folk Art" as seen above at the Charles MacDonald Concrete House Museum. Those leftists assembled on Sundays because everything was closed down tight in those days. Drinking home brew was then an offense,so they made a pretense of conducting Christian gatherings.

Should you wish to view these eccentric creations Google as I have done. Seasonally, it is open to the public.

This is the view from the main drag.

There is more than one deer on premises, but they do not carry the ticks that cause Lyme disease.

They are, of course, creations of inorganic concrete.

In times past, the Historical Society rented these cottages out to members, but that does not seem to be the case today.

Frontis. Centreville is remote from beaches and a bit warm in summer.

Odd that it is socially acceptable to be  sociable but not socialist? Here we have a picnic-bound group of Jumblies as envisioned by Edward Gorey (1925 - 2000). Obviously he had seen the Teenie Weenies as a child.

My grandfather's Edwardian generation was sociable but into day trips in their youth.

Because they worked long hours for six days a week, they were sedentary on Sundays, church attendance having been accomplished.

Still,  they knew how to party and play as evening approached. Beach fires, clam bakes, music and dance.

Hobbitts are also little people but on average a lot taller than those previously mentioned. The one identified as such at Hall's Harbour does not quite measure up to this prototype in England. Even this one lacks that circular door.

Of course really big folk need much taller doors and more space to lounge around in. They have big circulatory systems to maintain.

If you are a great white hunter consider Nova Scotia as a destination. Guides are for hire and cottages and camps for rent.

Convincing? Honk if you agree.