"Coincidence is God's way of remaining anonymous." - Albert Einstein. Perhaps not, but the idea is attractive. Whatever has been blowing in the wind has been found to be so "sweet" as to be offensively "odiferous" in the nostrils of many Pictonians. Odiferous or odoriferous has a primary meaning of emitting an odor. Secondarily, in context,  it can indicate anything which is morally offensive, e.g. odiferous legislation, and we have had a lot of that with respect to this particular craft mill.

There has been a kraft pulp mill at Abercrombie Point since 1967, which means that the "Sweet Smell of Success" has been blowing in the wind for fifty years.  I was usually attending summer school at UNB, Fredericton, but my family was at the Torey cottage in the immediate area for some part of every summer. When the wind direction was east from the stacks they were engulfed by a smell that even grandpa found somewhat offensive.  A comment at Facebook's "Clean up the Pictou County Mill" by Sharon Kilburn Grant makes this correction, " For clarification, Eka Tjipta Widjaja owns Sinar Mas, of which Asia Pulp Resources is a subsidiary company. His son, Jackson Widjaja who lives in Vancouver, owns Paper Excellence of which Northern Pulp is a subsidiary." Mas does not appear to be the sole owner, and this does not alter the basic story.

The process of changing wood into wood pulp, which consists largely of almost pure cellulose fibres in called the kraft process.  The word derives from the German word "kraft", which means "strength". This characterizes paper the product made from it. It is the dominant  first step in paper making and has  remained controversial everywhere there is a mill because of its smelly by-products and in some cases by the substantial liquid wastes created. In this instance both problems exist. Liquid pollutants are run through massive pipes under the East River for treatment in holding ponds before being released into a former harbour and dumped from there into the Northumberland Strait.

The kraft manufactures regard anything which lacks the long cellulose strands in spruce as "waste wood," and this bias has passed into the terminology of biomass harvesters.  Pine and fir trees can be used but not most hardwoods. 

Northern Pulp Photo. Once logs arrive at Northern Pulp they are chipped, conveyed into the plant and screened for size because continuous digesters which are next in the mass production line are  sensitive to chip thickness.  Oversized chips are reworked or put to other uses. Wood is made up of water, cellulose, hemi-cellulose (which has shorter fibres and lignin, a polymer which binds everything together. Digestion is the breakdown of large insoluble molecules into small water-soluble food molecules so that they can be further processed, It is the equivalent of human digestion which prepares molecules so that they can pass through the walls of the small intestine and be absorbed by blood plasma.

This is a chemical process and their digester is that tall tower seen in the centre of this photograph, shown against a photomicrograph of lignin fibres. There was a time when this was a mechanical process.  It shortened the length of fibres and was replaced by chemical digestion. The kraft (or sulphate) process is often preferred as it preserves the longest fibres. The sulfite process by contrast creates a product which is easier to bleach.  In the kraft process the pulping or digestive chemicals are sodium hydroxide and sodium sulphide and the solution used is known as white liquor. Everything mixed in the digester is heated with steam and after quite a few hours emerges as a porridge-like material called "brown stock".

This unattractive mixture is squeezed into brown stock washers which removes all components except the lignin. Some of the recovered chemicals are sent back to the digester for reuse. The cleaned pulp can then be bleached or left as is, depending on the intended use. The stock is now sprayed upon a wire matrix, where water drains off. More is removed by applying pressure to the material now in the form of sheets. This is a thin material but not yet processed paper. It is shipped to some other facility to be turned into various products. The liquid left over from washing is termed black liquor.

The paper-like pulp stock is separated from the wire mesh and mechanically cut and sorted into 625 pound bales, which are then placed in a press to reduce the shipping size.  They are wrapped and tied for shipment, stacked in a warehouse and loaded in railway boxcars. These travel to Nova Scotian ports for shipment to Asia and Europe for processing into value-added products such as tissues and fine paper. In a sense we are still cutters of wood and drawers of water, but locals do not want to appear too demanding. Writer Joan Baxter pursuing a freelance article but ended up writing The Mill: Fifty Years of Pulp and Protest. Very little of that protest came from workers there and she thinks that "Jobs are so precious in places like Nova Scotia that governments cave to them (the multinational owners).”

The company has an illustrated description of the anabolic part of its kraft paper process, but that great grey tower does not represent every thing that goes on at this mill.

“There's something that doesn't make sense. Let's go and poke it with a stick... You know when grown-ups tell you everything's going to be fine, but you really think they're lying to make you feel better?” - Dr. Who.

The TARDIS quick visual analysis of the money-making system at the mill. However, everyone on board agreed, "It's much bigger inside." A quick scan of surrounding air, water and earth in the vicinity revealed environmental issues. Scanning the earth based World Wide Web, TADIS noted a massive number of reports suggesting that humans were aware of the situation. One of these, issued by the Clean Air - Clean Water - Pulp Info Centre in Comox, BC. (Retrieved 2008-05-07) said, "People need paper products and we need sustainable, environmentally safe production." DAAAH!

Environment and Climate Change Canada is monitoring "Air Quality, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Air Pollutant Emission and Release of Harmful Substances to the Environment." Until this moment in time TARDIS was unaware of this web site. Nova Scotia is right up there when it comes to Sulphur Oxide emissions, but Northern Pulp in 2017 Northern Pulp was not the worst in August 2017 (the most recent reporting date.  That dishonour belonged to the Trenton Power Generating Plant, which burned coal to the tune of 22683.00 tonnes for the period.  Northern Pulp was minimal at 182.3. However if you are interested don't stop there. They also test for  Nitrogen Oxides where this pattern was repeated. That said, when it came to Particule Matter, the mill topped everyone in Nova Scotia at 1262.74 tonnes. Second worst was the Ligan Generating Station which measured 344.09 tonnes.

It will take a lot of clicking on an earth-based computer to appreciate this one factor since these parametres are recognized: "
Average ambient fine particulate matter concentrations, Peak ambient fine particulate matter concentrations, Average ambient ozone concentrations,
Peak ambient ozone concentrations, Ambient sulphur dioxide concentrations, Ambient nitrogen dioxide concentrations and Ambient volatile organic compound concentrations." With the exception of Greenhouse Gas Emissions the other categories receive just as much attention. One will have to have a basic understanding of biology, Chemistry and physics to make much out of this data.

We are not quite here at this time. That Trenton coal-burning plant adds the greatest load of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. Odd that more public reporting does not centre on that plant?

Thomas Friedmanre has noticed that  "Natural gas emits only half the carbon dioxide of coal when burned, but if methane leaks when oil companies extract it from the ground in a sloppy manner - methane is far more potent a greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide - it can wipe out all the advantages of natural gas over coal." However mining coal releases methane gas and New Glasgow has leakage from mines which have closed. How much? Studies are just beginning. In Pictou County people are already facing a triple whammy! Excessive sulphur dioxide, high particulate levels, and polluted waters.

Aesthetically that mill is not better than that in this dark movie drama. It may very well have gone to this Art Deco source for interior and exterior design.  At the working man's level, Metropolis had air quality concerns which were not promised to be addressed when the CEO and workers came to an uneasy truce.

This US Department Of Environmental Protection flow chart goes beyond the production mode.  Batch Digesters, unlike the Continuous variety found at Northern Pulp, do not recover  cooking chemicals and heat. Particulate emissions from the kraft process come principally from the recovery furnace (1), the lime furnace (2), the kiln and smelt dissolving tank. Control on recovery furnaces takes a number of forms. The bad smell produced by craft mills is caused by  reduced sulphur compounds: hydrogen sulphide, methyl mecaptain and methyl disulphide, all of which have low odour threshold, which means that a little goes a long way in offending people. A major source of emissions in the boiler used to generate heat for the plant and steam for its digestive system. In this case the fuel used is, I believe, sawdust, an by product which has no other use.g

That was a half decade ago. Presumably Northern Pulp got some of that infrastructure cash, but did they spend it in Nova Scotia? "You can tell by the smell if your kraft plant's feeling well..." Not necessarily, but we detected a sulphurous stink in the air three times in the Town of Pictou and twice at Black Beach. One Pictonian stated that August was the worst year she had ever experienced. Whatever the source,  there does not appear to be government oversight at any level. A lot of positive propaganda and Bluenose bitching has been the net result to date for a problem which has persisted for at least four decades and a bit more.

In the following month, C.B.C. got to reuse  Jorge Sai's photograph five stacks, aside from the digester,  belching who knows what into the atmosphere.

Following Rankin's comment the Pictou hills (and valleys) were alive but not with the "sound of music." Possibly reacting to the outcry Premier Stephen McNeill admitted that the fine might not be suited to the crime. On November 8, a resident of the County approaching fifty years of age remembered her childhood. "...approaching the causeway and instantly saying,“ ewwww what’s that smell as we crossed the causeway”. I now live in Pictou and have suffered through the smell inside and outside my home, but today was the absolute worst I have ever experienced! I was gagging, my throat and eyes burned, and the smell stayed in my vehicle long after we passed the plant!! Disgusting!! What was coming out of those stacks today?"

This is a precipitator within the Pictou Municipal District, and something like it in Metropolis (circa 1930). Odd how fantasy predicts reality?  "In 2015, the mill spent $35 million on a new precipitator which captures particulate from its recovery boiler using static electricity. Since then, the Mill says overall air contaminant emissions have been reduced by 80 per cent. OK, but emissions from the mill's power plant boiler remained problematic. "In 2015 and 2016, power boiler emissions exceeded levels allowed under its operating permit." - CBC News

Repeat after their public relations people: "Northern Pulp meets provincial and federal laws and regulations, and performs well beyond them. We are certified to (the following) third party forestry and environmental standard. We produce 23 megawatts of green energy & are almost self-sufficient in energy as a result. We are exploring options to expand our green energy production."

They are not , it should be noted, directly responsible  for forest management. That electrical energy comes from a somewhat less than green system.

Dan Brown is not the only popular fiction writer seen to respect and expect miracles from technology. Stephen King likes his Apple and so did the late Douglas Adams (Hitchhiker's Guide To the Galaxy). However Adams (like King) was of two minds about it's complete usefulness. "I've come up with a set of rules that describe our reactions to technologies:

1. Anything that is in the world when you’re born is normal and ordinary and is just a natural part of the way the world works.

2. Anything that's invented between when you’re fifteen and thirty-five is new and exciting and revolutionary and you can probably get a career in it.

3. Anything invented after you're thirty-five is against the natural order of things."

Remember that mill has been operating for fifty years. There is a question concerning which side has God and the angels in camp. In any event, it is the provincial government which has its agenda and personnel tied in knots. What do I mean by that?

Joan Baxter is described by the Writer;s Federation of Nova Scotia as "a Nova Scotian author, journalist, development researcher/writer and anthropologist who now divides her time between Canada and Africa."  She has said that her home was originally in northern Nova Scotia and she was walking there when she said that she was blasted by air which made her feel she had been "hit in the head by a bucket of acid." Suspecting the source, she phoned the pulp mill who told her the annoyance was caused by a vagrant wind. That explanation helped lead to more than 14 months of research to produce her book, showcased first November 21 at the Museum of Industry in Stellarton. She commented, “I hope some of the politicians will read this book and say let’s stop making mistakes.”  Their mistakes included one whopper.
"Stanfield served as Premier of Nova Scotia, governing as a moderate. He led reforms in human rights, education, municipal government and health care and also created Industrial Estates Limited, a crown corporation that successfully attracted investment from world companies such as Michelin Tire, He won re-election four times." Scott Paper was among a number of companies which were persuaded to come establish themselves in Pictou Counties and the province co-signed the Scott Maritimes Limited Agreement (1965) Act pursuant to their establishing a kraft mill at Abercrombie. This document is on line.

Stanfield was  a scion of a well-to-do winter underwear manufacturing family in nearby Amherst. He was pals with Robert Manuge and Frank Sobey, who helped him establish an attractive environment for big business. At the same time he was seen as a defender of Nova Scotia's right to manage its own ship. He modernized the road system, brought in the Medicare, established the first economic development agency, established a Voluntary Economic Planning Board and helped to start the Neptune Theatre in Halifax. Stanfield’s government invested heavily in education at all levels including the creation of vocational schools (the predecessor of the Nova Scotia Community College). He was not a fiscal conservative.

He was also not used to having much vocal opposition to his ideas when he became a popular leader of the federal Conservative Party in 1967. He was in Ottawa when the kraft plant was under construction, and confident that he might become Prime Minister of Canada. He expected to run against the aging Lester Pearson, but the Liberals chose a new charismatic leader named Pierre Trudeau who won the 1968 election.  In 1972, Honest Bob came within two seats of defeating him. Stanfield served as leader of the PCs and leader of the Loyal Opposition until 1976. He became renowned as a gentlemanly and civil man, but after three election defeats, he faced much criticism from inside the party, from members that felt he had failed to provide strong, articulate leadership. He resigned in 1976 and was succeeded by Joe Clark. He died in 2003 at the age of 89.

George Isaac Smith, usually known as "G.I." was aTruro lawyer who had recruited Stanfield to run for premiership/He inherited the Conservative Party of Nova Scotia and became premier from 1967until 1970. This cover was for an annual collection of cartoons in the following year, Under his turn at the wheel Sydney Steel was nationalized. Smith argued in favour of regional equalization payments, the transfer funds from rich provinces to poorer provinces.

His government was defeated by the Liberals in 1970, following which, he resigned as party leader. In 1975 he was joined the Senate of Canada and representing division of Colchester County.

There are few cartoons featuring "Gerry" on the web, possibly because his story is not funny.  Another lawyer, he served as the 19th premier until 1978. Gaining recognition as a labour lawyer, he amended the province's labour code to prevent courts from issuing injunctions to stop picketing. He also created the office of the provincial ombudsman. The Regan government nationalized the Nova Scotia Light and Power electrical utility, and consolidated electricity supply under the Nova Scotia Power Corporation. A massive plan for the development of tidal power in the Bay of Fundy was also announced but never transpired.His government was defeated by John Buchanan's Progressive Conservative Party in the 1978 general election. He was accused of sexual misconduct in 1993, but charges were finally stayed in 1999, "due to the cost and age of the defendant."

This photo is a stand-in for Boat Harbour, Pictou County, Nova Scotia. Boat Harbour West 37 is a Mi'kmaq reserve located in Pictou County located on the Northumberland coast. It was created between 1962 and 1963,by the Stanfield government and its 98.2 hectares were designated as solely for the use of the Pictou Landing First Nation. Promises, promises, promises? Known as A'se'k  in the Mi'kmaq language, it was historically used by The People for fishing, clam digging, hunting and recreation. Additionally, it was a harbour for boats used to fish in the Northumberland Strait. Nearby Pictou Landing on Pictou Harbour is their main reserve. Fisher's Grant 24 is adjacent to Boat Harbour, and two other unpopulated reserves.

Dropping this ball helped Trudeau defeat Stanfield, but metaphorically, he had also done just that with Boat Harbour in the 1960s. Always keen to promote economic growth,his pack agreed to take responsibility for effluent leaving the kraft mill for a period of thirty years. The government also decided to turn Boat Harbour into a settling pond by constructing a dam across its mouth. Pictou Landing First Nation were compensated $65,000 for lost fishing opportunities and future use of the Harbour. Since the Liberals were firmly in power three decades later, they must have extended this warranty. They were deposed by Conservatives from 1999 through 2009. Sharing the blame makes everybody and nobody responsible for this gaff.

You may be a Bluenoser if...

As soon as the mill began operation all aquatic life died and the water level rose by 6 to 10 feet, flooding 12 hectares (30 acres) of reserve lands. In 1971 two settling ponds and an aerated stabilisation basin were constructed where the effluent entered the lagoon. In 1975 a pipeline replaced the ditch that polluted water flowed through before entering the "remediation system." Some folk apparently thought that was an answer.

In the normal cruise of politics the Conservatives and Liberals changed places. Darryl Dexter became the leader of a one-time socialist group, known as the New Democratic Party, in 2001. In 2009, they came up with 50 promises to be fulfilled within four years. The seven key commitments were the creation of new jobs, a promise of keeping emergency rooms open, taking the sales tax off of home electricity, fixing rural roads, helping seniors, giving young people a reason to stay in the province, and more renewable energy.  He became Premier from then until 2012 did not live up to hopes for a more honest, socially responsible government. Dexter and federal Prime Minister Harper were both walking cartoon characters and both used the catch phrase "Not worth the risk" in describing their political opponents.

Dexter removed a freeze on student tuition and cut educational and health-care spending. In  2009, Dexter was awarded a Climate Leadership in Canada award for putting a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap on electricity in Nova Scotia and did make worthwhile changes. That did not counter a patronage and illegal member's expenditure scandals. Elections Nova Scotia fined the governing NDP $10,000, the maximum fine for accepting an illegal campaign donation from a trade union. I do not recall the Boat Harbour problem being given much public notice. In the 2013 election, the NDP was reduced to seven seats, and was replaced by Conservatives as the official opposition.

It is likely that you are a "Somegooder" if you do not see the point in this cartoon. The year was 2014 and the man at right Liberal Premier McNeill, facing down yet another  attempt to find the source of all this political static on the north east shore. The settling basin fills up and material from the facility is normally dredged and buried off-site, but some has been dried and burned in the mill's power boiler under "test permits".

This Google map. is good for locating First Nation interests in the area.  Input pipes appear in white. "In 1977 the Pictou Landing Band began considering legal options, but it wasn't until 1986 that they filed against the federal government, their position strengthened by the 1984 case of R v Guerin in which the Supreme Court of Canada confirmed the government's fiduciary duty to status Indians. In 1993 the federal government settled out of court for $35 million, some of which was paid to individual band members and some to a trust fund for future use. In 1995 the provincial government agreed to extend its contract with the mill to handle the effluent, and in return to handover nearby Crown Lands to the band. It also agreed to close the facility in 2005 and return the harbour to its natural condition." - Wikipedia.
The catch? Taxpayers were on the hook for the cost of that cleanup.

Not all bad water problems can be traced back to the Pictou County kraft mill.  At least there was regular testing at Melmerby for bacteria, generated from human poop. It usually gets into the system from septic systems which are not anti-septic because they dump sludge directly into salt water. In Lunenburg County over-the top populations of coliform bacteria have only been revealed in the last couple of years.  The La Have River and Lunenburg Harbour levels were discovered by an intrepid teenager from Bridgewater.

Which is not to suggest that the politicians who stand in the way of a solution are bad people.

Back at the mill, one might well ask, "Why is that one pipe rusty?"   Part of the answer is historical. Scott Paper once the dominant figure in that business was reduced by competition from Proctor & Gamble. As a result, the plant was taken over by Kimberley Clark in 1997. In 2003, they
approached the Mi'kmaq to extend treatment beyond a 2005 deadline by bypassing the settling pond close to their homes and piping effluent directly into the strait at a location near the Pictou Harbour Light. They explained that they would only release waste water on the ebb tide, and that would allow Boat Harbour to be reclaimed. Before that gargantuan promise could be fulfilled the company was sold to Nennah Paper, a firm not inclined to dump capital into water treatment. Because the Department of Fisheries had concerns about the effect of raw waste on marine industries the whole idea was abandoned by the Liberal Party, led by John F. Hamm, in 2005. He was in power from 1999 until 2006.

Raymond Francis (seen at Boat Harbour in 1998) went to war with governments, seeking justice, after he saw the first effects of waste water. He attempted to do this with the cooperation of the Department of Indian Affairs, but to no avail. In early 1983 a Department memo to "partnership" lawyer Danny Campbell advised him that he should withhold from the Band Council all information they supplied Francis insisted that they go alone after the federal Crown for redress. The Band employed a new lawyer to litigate the their case. In 1986, under Chief Roderick Francis, the Band filed a notice of action against the Crown at the Federal Court in Halifax.  Past cash settlements were never enough to remediate the problems surrounding Boat Harbour.

John Hamm's government had no idea how to proceed when the deadline was passed in 2005, so they reacted by extending effluent dumping on a month-to-month basis. Thus, nothing was accomplished before his mandate came to an end in 2007. In the next year, the torch was passed to another Conservative named Rodney MacDonald, and the company was sold to Northern Pulp. The "Progressive" Conservative government of the time did agreed to close Boat Harbour and build a new facility. Their troubles piled up over three years and went viral when they cancelled a subsidy for the Yarmouth, Nova Scotia to Portland, Main  ferry.

When the New Democrats came to power in 2009 negotiations ceased. That government's decision to give $90 million assistance to the mill to purchase woodland and improve air treatment systems but do nothing about Boat Harbour enraged the First Nation. The Band filed an action in the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia. The NDP used to be regarded as the last resort of workers, the poor and the disadvantaged!

In June 2014 the pipeline effluent from the mill to the treatment facility ruptured, causing 47 million litres
(10 million gallons) of effluent to spill into a wetland and from there to the East River and Pictou Harbour. The mill owners were charged under the Fisheries Act and fined $225,000 which was to be distributed equally to three conservation organizations. The point of rupture was not that large rusted pipe seen above, but on another near Pictou Landing east of East River closer the treatment area. In the award it was noted that thee effluent was corrosive in nature and that the company had been negligent in assessing possible danger and making repairs as needed.

The Provincial Government had passed the Boat Harbour Act 2015. It promised that effluent treatment would cease no later than January 31, 2020. A Provincial Crown Corporation, Nova Scotia Lands, Inc. was made responsible for remediation on site. And then came the spill. Ninety million litres per day were entering a broken system, so the company had no option except to shut down and appear in court. During that June "maintenance shutdown" the company actually surveyed the entire pipeline and made needed line repairs.

A pilot project undertaken in 2017 estimated that there was a total of about 350,000 cubic metres (12,000,000 cu ft) of contaminated material and returning the lagoon to a tidal estuary would cost $133 million.

The entire bottom of the basin was not exposed in this test, but a small section walled off and laid bare. The reporter said that one could see what might be a contaminated area which was black and oily and "hardly smells at all."

That looks all green and cozy, but note that the Mi'kmaq Band did not benefit from the entire settlement.

The situation looks precarious, and technology may not come to our rescue. On November 5, 2017 a meeting held in New Glasgow gave fishermen's associations a chance to express concerns about a proposed waste water treatment plant the Northern Pulp Mill which is supposed to be constructed to replace Boat Harbour by 2020.  Northern Pulp's looks to treat mill waste water on their own property. The effluent would be aerated and settled in a large tank on the mill property. Treated effluent would then be sent to a new submerged marine outflow for discharge into Northumberland Strait. Ronald Heighton, the president of the Northumberland Fishermen's Association said, "It's a large volume of fresh water they (want to) release. How and when and where they're going to release it is what we want to know and of course we want to know the contents of what's coming out of it too." That's a summary of the situation to date (Remembrance Day, November 11, 2017).

Since the Great Depression businessmen in trouble have learned that suicide is unnecessary, and that it is an advantage to be an offshore criminal since that involves fewer emotional entanglements.  Today, they move on and create a new business using hidden funds, allowing the old one to bankrupt itself.

Capitalist production, therefore, develops technology, and the combining together of various processes into a social whole, only by sapping the original sources of all wealth - the soil and the labourer." - Karl Marx. That may be, but considering Communism in hindsight, did he really believe this?

Those Christian angels will smite the pagani?

I love it when people talk dirty but are able to summarize in a succinct manner.

Remember that Bob Dylan said that "Money shouts." It can hire even bigger Christian angels as familiars, ready to smite the unshriven and unwashed.

This rebuttal (seen in part) was published in the Chronichy Herald, October 20, 2017. I'm not as happy about generalizations, especially when it comes to work and accomplishments. Everyone has to compromise and "juggle commitments" in that world.

Dave Gunning is a folk singer-songwriter born in Pictou County, Nova Scotia, which probably explains why he is more emotional and lyrical? Kathy Cloutier is the paid spokeswoman for Paper Excellence, their Director of Corporate Communications.

Katy admits they did order clear-cutting of a part of the Wentworth Valley, but explained that as a landowner and good corporate citizen they regret that. "That being said, in areas of special circumstance, we can learn from this and look to co-exist more collaboratively as neighbours."

"There is a misperception that taxpayers of Nova Scotia have paid for the recovery boiler precipitator, a project that cost $35 million. In fact, Northern Pulp received a $2.5-million forgivable loan over five years based on employment conditions as well as a $9.5-million repayable loan with interest. Since its commissioning in 2015, emissions from this major mill stack have dropped by over 95 per cent, significantly reducing Northern Pulp’s environmental footprint." 

But didn't they get some outright cash?

Maybe someone is bleeding the pipes for black liquor?

"Recent emission testing showed Northern Pulp’s power boiler has for the third time out of the last 10 exceeded its emission regulatory limit. This was not anticipated in light of the extensive work carried out in recent years. Make no mistake, everyone at Northern Pulp is leaving no stone unturned to promptly bring the power boiler back into compliance. Having said that, it is important to note that the power boiler is a smaller fraction of mill emissions as the stack volume is significantly smaller (approximately one-third). Equally important is to recognize that the power boiler is akin to a wood stove in that it burns biomass and sawmill residuals." That's good; 36% efficiency?

"The Kill" by Ronald Searle, Look carefully!

"Northern Pulp owns 171,000 hectares of land obtained via a $75-million loan from the government of Nova Scotia. This purchase was important, as it ensures the land will remain accessible to Nova Scotians and operations in the province allowing companies such as ours to take a Nova Scotia resource, create a Nova Scotia product and export it. When the current owner of Northern Pulp — Paper Excellence — purchased the mill and its operations in 2011, the company assumed the land and other government loan responsibilities. A good corporate citizen honouring commitments to the province, Paper Excellence has since paid over $46 million to the government of Nova Scotia, including $29.7 million in interest. This, in addition to over $200 million in investment."

"These are some of the very important other sides of Northern Pulp that must also be recognized when speaking about this important natural resource sector contributor. While Northern Pulp may be described as 'foreign-owned,' one must recognize that the $315 million generated annually by Northern Pulp stays within the province, benefiting each and every one of us on a daily basis".

MELTDOWN, MILTDOWM, MC.... Repeat after me, "There is no such thing as global warming. The Five Estates are immutable and can be trusted, etc..."

November 2:

Auditor General Michael Pickup revealed the province’s liability for cleaning up Boat Harbour is now $130 million, up from $12 million in 2013. The 140-hectare Boat Harbour lagoon is owned by the province. The cleanup plan  (not the cleanup) is expected to be complete in the next three to four years. Environment Minister Iain Rankin told Pictou County residents his government is “absolutely committed” to closing down the Boat Harbour wastewater site by 2020.

Province's photo. Pickup’s report noted that the province  climate change is a factor not considered in the past. "Climate change is expected to continue to affect Nova Scotia and government should be assessing the risks and making plans to deal with them," said Pickup. "The Department is failing in this aspect of its environmental oversight because, in too many cases, terms and conditions on project approvals are not monitored or evaluated to see if they are working." In the last decade, he found that 20 of 43 recommendations hand not been followed to completion. Simply put, things do not look good.

Rod colourized and altered this Searle illustration. Nova Scotians need to be very careful out there. We may be pressing the wrong buttons.

Speaking to the question of education in Pictou County, historian Anne Wood ha
s suggested that, "a web of regulations and inequitable power relationships" with thoughtful, liberal administrators with respect to students led to anarchistic  revolt and conservative self-serving attitudes. What do you think? Anne's mother was a graduate.

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