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"The universe is a cold and violent place where the immutable laws of physics have no heart or humor. To further this point, check out a new Hubble Space Telescope photo showing the tenacious, enveloping tentacles of interstellar gas and dust caused by a super massive black hole at the center of an innocent eliptical galaxy." - www.blastar.com.



"Since most scientists are just a bit religious, and most religious are seldom wholly unscientific, we find humanity in a comical position. His scientific intellect believes in the possibility of miracles inside a black hole, while his religious intellect believes in them outside it."  - William Golding. The basic premise in the above statement is less than a hypothesis. R&R have not had a day without some strange happening; seems you can only avoid them by exercising extreme introversion and living completely within the World Wide Web.  Of course, one can control all forms of macroscopic and microscopic virtual reality there!



Wheeler lived long and prospered in what we think of as the real world.  Aieeeee, there's the rub? For in that sleep of dreams... He encountered a black hole of incurable dis ease.

What Wheeler was suggesting in his last  half dozen years is a hypothesis that time has no relevance in this universe or in others. "Why, sometimes I've believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast... But I don't want to go among mad people," said Alice. "Oh, you can't help that," said the cat. "We're all mad here." - Lewis Carrol.



"...where the past is not yet fixed." And following on that, "I knew who I was this morning, but I've changed a few times since then.”   Still if time should prove to be irrelevant: "... then, shall I never get any older than I am now? That'll be a comfort, one way -- never to be an old woman -- but then -- always to have lessons to learn!" Avatar Alice for Lewis Carroll.




"We are stubborn, self-destructive conformists. Any other view of our species is just a self-congratulatory delusion."  - Michael Crichton. OMIG!  How can we be so stupid?



"Reptilians are purported reptilian humanoids that play a prominent role in fantasy, science fiction, ufology, and conspiracy theories.The idea of reptilians was popularized by David Icke, a conspiracy theorist who claims shape-shifting reptilian aliens control Earth by taking on human form and gaining political power to manipulate human societies. Icke has claimed that many of the world leaders are, or are possessed by, so-called reptilians."  He has implicated George W. Bush, former President of the United States, and Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. "A poll of Americans in 2013 by Public Policy Polling indicated that 4% of registered voters (±2.8%) believed in David Icke's ideas." - Wikipedia



"On March 4, 2013, a video (clip seen above) depicting a security agent with unusual features guarding a speech by U.S. President Barrack Obama was spotlighted in a Wired report about shape shifting reptilian humanoids, leading to a tongue-in-cheek response from chief National Security Council spokeswoman Caitlin Hayden that "any alleged program to guard the president with aliens or robots would likely have to be scaled back or eliminated in the sequester". Some folk have been too much influenced by the visual arts.



The first appearance of "serpent men" in literature was possibly Robert Howard's story, "The Shadow Kingdom", published in Weird Tales in August 1929. This story drew on Theosophical ideas of the "lost worlds" of Atlantis and Lemuria, particularly Helena Blavatsky's The Secret Doctrine, with its reference to "'dragon-men' who once had a mighty civilization on a Lemurian continent". Howard's "serpent men" were described as humanoid with human bodies but snake heads, able to imitate real humans at will, who lived in hiding in underground passages, using their shape changing and mind control abilities to infiltrate humanity." - Wikipedia



Clark Ashton Smith used Howard's "serpent men" in his stories, as well as themes from H. P. Lovecraft, and he, Howard and Lovecraft together laid the basis for the Cthulhu Mythos. In the 1940s, a non-fiction writer, Maurice Doreal, wrote a pamphlet entitled "Mysteries of the Gobi" which described a "serpent race" that had "bodies like man but...heads...like a great snake" and an ability to take true human form. These creatures also appeared in Doreal's poem, "The Emerald Tablets", in which he claimed the titular tablets were written by "Thoth, an Atlantean Priest king".
 


Barkun asserts that "in all likelihood", Doreal's ideas came from "The Shadow Kingdom", and that in turn, "The Emerald Tablets" formed the basis for David Icke's book, Children of the Matrix. David Vaughan is a former footballer and sports broadcaster who has made his name since the 1990s as a professional conspiracy theorist, calling himself a "full time investigator into who and what is really controlling the world.



Icke has been described as an "anti-Semitic conspiracy theorist"; according to Political Research Associates, his politics are "a mishmash of most of the dominant themes of contemporary neofascism, mixed in with a smattering of topics culled from the U.S. militia movement." - Wikipedia. This self-published book was released a few years after the motion picture entitled "The Matrix" was released.



Those interested in his ideas might like to buy into this software.  For a small fistful of dollars you can go well beyond Sim City in creating almost believable mayhem on a universal scale. This might be one way of temporarily escaping from his matrix of strange beliefs, allowing humans to pander to their reptilian instincts?



"The reptilians are the Controlling Factor. One cannot understand why there is constant strife, tragedy and turmoil in the world without first realizing that the human race is under the control and domination of a Cruel and Remorseless Intelligence." - Understanding The Reptilian Mind by James Bartley.




If Facebook is not enough of a diversion consider this as another possibility. Matrix, by-the-by is derived from the Latin matr, "mother, and in that language identifies a "womb." from which "any environment or material in which something develops; a surrounding medium or structure." In mathematics and and structural engineering, "a rectangular array of quantities or expressions in rows and columns that is treated as a single entity and manipulated according to particular rules." Those enclosed in a womb may be thought of as "sleepers."  The prison concept is relatively new as is the idea that humans may be residents in a sandbox of the gods.



Nick Bostrum is a Swedish philosopher at the University of Oxford known for his work on "existential risk, the anthropic principle, human enhancement ethics, super intelligence risks, the reversal test, and consequentialism."
http://www.nickbostrom.com/. If there is credence in this then humans inhabit a virtual rather than a real world (or worlds). Run-of-the-mill philosophers and scientists are not quick to assume that the force which created the universe is anthropomorphic and interested in controlling Homo sapiens.



"I like to think that someone will trace how the deepest thinking of India made its way to Greece and from there to the philosophy of our times... No space, no time, no gravity, no electromagnetism, no particles. Nothing. We are back where Plato, Aristotle and Parmenides struggled with the great questions: How Come the Universe, How Come Us, How Come Anything? But happily also we have around the answer to these questions. That's us."  - John Archibald Wheeler. Now that's a non-reptilian approach to our problems here on earth.



There has been some work done wit respect to this hypothesis since Wheeler's time. "Participant' is the incontrovertible new concept given by quantum mechanics. It strikes down the 'observer' of classical theory, the man who stands safely behind the thick glass wall and watches what goes on without taking part. It can't be done, quantum mechanics says it...May the universe in some sense be 'brought into being' by the participation of those who participate?" - John Archibald Wheeler. The intervention principle applied to the pagan mortal gods who could be propitiated. However, our rude ancestors thought of the creator god as a disinterested entity who started the clock running and then stepped outside of time but probably not to work as an observer.



"Of all heroes , Spinoza was Einstein 's greatest. No one expressed more strongly then he a belief in the harmony , the beauty , and most of all the ultimate comprehensibility of nature ... It from Bit symbolizes the idea that every item of the physical world has at bottom an immaterial source and explanation... that all things physical are information theoretic in origin and that this is a participatory universe."  - John Archibald Wheeler. Thus, "All we have to fear is..."



"In order to more fully understand this reality, we must take into account other dimensions of a broader reality." -
John Archibald Wheeler. And reality may very well be what we imagine it to be? Which can first form or function?



This hypothesis has been gaining brownie points.  That's a visual representation of String Theory in the background.  Wheeler says, "The job of a theoretical physicist is to make mistakes as fast as possible." The difference between geniuses and idiots is that the former are never absolutely certain of the validity of their observation.



And "they" is not necessarily alien controllers.  The singular problem faced by our race of beings is mortality.  Even the seemingly indestructible mortal-god Odin had his thread of life cut.  In this delicate situation, men and women hope for reincarnation or resurrection, and some think of themselves as avatars of some immortal deity. Best bet? Reunion of the replicant with the original.

It has been the business of mortal gods throughout history to struggle to gain power and then lose their grip as god-king when it became clear they could not govern the natural or elemental immortal gods of the planet. Why anyone would want the job is not clear since the governed and the governor face ultimate disappointment's.




There was a time when men wore masks to define or disguise their intentions. Today even the clown is feared. "The greatest propaganda coup of the American Right has been to convince its citizens that we are in the grip of a liberal conspiracy."  -  Shane Smith


"Patterns unconsciously learned." It's not so much what is said as what is seen and imagined from that.


This visual poke at right-wing reality was ineffective in the US election in site of those very real quotes. The BBC guessed that "Mr Trump's pox-on-them-all attitude is likely to have proved his independence and outsider status at a time when much of the American public reviled Washington... Perhaps the various controversies came so hard and fast that none had time to draw blood. Maybe Mr Trump's personality and appeal was so strong, the scandals just bounced off. Whatever the reason, he was bulletproof."



But then he was the anointed one according to Michael Cohen the Trump Organization EVP and Special Counsel to Donald J. Trump. Back in September he posted a cloud purportedly showing Trump's profile and posted it, tweeting "In case anyone is unsure as to who will be our next #POTUS, the Lord has chosen the people's messenger." The election was a choice between two evils. A famous movie character is quoted.


This lads is an advocate and supporter of string theory–the idea that our universe is but one of many universes in the "multiverse." But in terms of spirituality, Kaku he is clearly a pantheist. Hey has noted that, "When scientists use the word God, they usually mean the God of Order." He tends to feel that mankind, while brilliant technologically, is ignorant enough to misuse science. He notes their failure to contain nuclear weapons, nuclear fuel, and global warming.



"Michio Kaku was born in San Jose, California, the son of Japanese immigrants. Kaku grew up in a household heavily influenced by Japanese culture, therefore it is reasonable to assume that the dominant religious ideas of Japan were present, namely Shinto and perhaps Buddhism." - hollowverse.com. He adds, "They [science and religion] can be in harmony, but only if rational people on both sides engage in honest debate." However because "Kaku trusts science over divine revelation and televangelists, he is probably considered a liberal."



Kaku has great respect for Albert Einstein's belief that. "A knowledge of the existence of something we cannot penetrate, of the manifestations of the profoundest reason and the most radiant beauty - it is this knowledge and this emotion that constitute the truly religious attitude; in this sense, and in this alone, I am a deeply religious man... A human being is part of the whole called by us universe, a part limited in time and space. We experience ourselves, our thoughts and feelings as something separate from the rest. A kind of optical delusion of consciousness."
"This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from the prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty. The true value of a human being is determined by the measure and the sense in which they have obtained liberation from the self. We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if humanity is to survive. (Albert Einstein, 1954)."



Or maybe Drumb, Trumb, Tromp, Trum, Trumpf, Trumpff, and even Dromb. Hanns Drumpf was a lawyer in the village of Kallstadt during the Thirty Years' War. According to journalist Gwenda Blair's book, The Trumps: Three Generations That Built An Empire, their home village was burned down five times and 40 % of villagers, killed before they moved to America. The Trump family were originally Lutherans, but Trump's parents belonged to the Reformed Church in America. His maternal ancestry is Scottish. Donald Trump may be a hologram, as ephemeral as that cloud.



This report is, of course, a mash up of a variety of hypotheses, but will serve until something better evolves.



If there actually are alternate universes, everything is possible including a steam punk version of a spaceship and President Hilary Clinton.



And their could be a prison world that looks like this.  Visual artists are now quite adept at imagining parallel places.



Of partially Celtic ancestry, Trump may have heard of the twin Gaelic gods who took up battle as a game because the void was an uninteresting place.  Lugh of the Longarm and Nuada of the Silver Hand made the sparks fly with their irresistible weapons and inadvertently created a world for men. The rest in a long story best told in another setting.  Lugh, the elder twin fought with a spear and Nuada (the New One) favoured a sword. Thus gaming was, from the first, a sport for gods and kings. Lugh was sometimes represented as a sun god and Nuada as a moon god.



Fidchell is mentioned often in ancient Celtic legends and lore, but the exact form of the game board is open to speculation. What is clear is that it was played on a board, with opposing sets of pieces in equal number.The name has evolved into ficheall, the Irish word for chess, The legends describe fidchell as a game played by royalty, and by the gods. In legend, it was invented by Lugh, god of light and inspiration, and was played skilfully by his son, the hero Cú Chulainn."Half its pieces were of yellow gold, the other half of white bronze." In all war games there is a Dark Lord and a Lord of Light whose tactics are the same.
 


It was sometimes said that the mortal gods played this game in the interest of maintaining order in the world of men, their actions being directed by the outcome of gaming. The version shown above has an unequal number of movable pieces and appears to be a variant war game involving a central king piece. In each case there is a multi-dimensional matrix.



The Matrix is a 1999 science fiction film starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Hugo Weaving, and Joe Pantoliano. It depicts a dystopian future in which reality as perceived by most humans is actually a simulated reality called "the Matrix." In this instance sentient machines have enslaved the human population whose body heat and electrical activity are used as an energy source. Computer programmer Neo (above, undergoing visual education) learns the truth and rebels against the machines.



There are parallel worlds?  Neo meets Morpheus, who offers him a choice between a red pill that will allow him to learn the truth about the Matrix, and a blue pill that will return him to his old life.





Swallowing the red pill, Neo's reality disintegrates and he awakens, naked and weak, in a liquid-filled pod, connected by cables to an elaborate system of feed tubes and electrical outlets. He is rescued and brought aboard Morpheus's hovercraft, the Nebuchadnezzar. In the interest of creating an orderly situation, the machine-gods have given their pod-encased dreamers a simulated existence.



Here is where this tale impinges on what we know as reality. If the lady writing this article for Forbes had been a scientist, she might have a different outlook on this story. Morpheus explains that humans waged war against intelligent machines that they created a cause lost when their enemy blocked solar energy. The Matrix is a shared simulation of the world as it was in 1999 in which "harvested humans" are trapped and pacified. Neo has been living in it since birth. Morpheus and his crew belong to a group of rebels who have hacked into the mainframe and released enslaved humans, recruiting them as rebels. The rebels' understanding of the true nature of the simulated reality allows them to bend its physical laws, granting them superhuman abilities to oppose the machines.
 


In the film, Neo Smith is fatally shot by simulated opponents. In the real world, "sentinel" machines attack the Nebuchadnezzar, his girl friend Trinity kisses him and he revives. He effortlessly destroys Smith, the avatar of the machines and leaves the Matrix in time for the ship's electromagnetic pulse weapon to disable the attacking sentinels. Neo then makes a telephone call to the Matrix, promising the machines that he will show their prisoners "a world where anything is possible". The End, for the moment.  However in our real world web sites have been erected suggesting that some folk have confused this mythic tale with what passes for our reality.  If there is a simulation we have no idea of the nature of the creators: robots, replicants, cyborgs, what have you? "For in that sleep of death, what dreams may come, when we have shuffled off this mortal coil?" It may be oblivion rather than immortality.



The forerunner, the motion picture Bladerunner, is a 1982 American science fiction film starring Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, Sean Young, and Edward James Olmos. It is a adaptation of the 1968 novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? by Philip K. Dick. The film depicts a dystopian Los Angeles in which genetically engineered replicants, visually indistinguishable from adult humans, are manufactured by the powerful Tyrell Corporation. The use of replicants on Earth is banned and they are exclusively utilized for dangerous or menial work on off-world colonies.
 


While technically more advanced... That word "replicant" suggested an organic original. Replicants who defied the ban and returned to Earth were hunted down and "retired" by special police operatives known as "Blade Runners". The plot focused on a group of escaped replicants  and the burnt-out expert Blade Runner, Rick Deckard (Harrison Ford), who reluctantly agreed to take on one more assignment, and fell for PRIS (above).



You can't keep a bad guy down! While these escapees were responsible for a bloody off-world mutiny, these particular replicants have been gifted with a four-year life span. Deckard began his investigation at the Tyrell Corporation. While there, he discovered that Dr. Eldon Tyrell's (their creator-god) assistant Rachael  was an experimental replicant who believed herself to be human. Rachael has been given false memories to provide an "emotional cushion." Seems all of these Nexus 6 Models had similar cushions and the possibilty of developing emotions. Now that is sad! The Matrix machines showed similar "empathy" for their "harvested humans."



The film opens with this extreme closeup of an eye. The "Voight-Kampff" test was designed to distinguish replicants from humans based on their emotional response to questions. Above a positive result not seen in the replicants Deckard was attempting to retire.  When Roy sought out Tyrell looking for an extended life, he killed him after receiving an unsympathetic response. In the final showdown, Deckard kills two replicants. Seriously injured their dying leader inexplicably rescues the bladerunner from falling to his death from a tall building. Rachael is spared and the watcher is left with a suspicion that the bladerunner is also a replicant.



When reflecting one of the Tyrell Corp. pyramids that eye evokes the all-seeing Eye of Providence.Mark Twain suggested that, "You can't depend on your eyes when your imagination is out of focus." The all-seeing  and the pyramid are  freemasonic symbols. The eye represents the Great Architect of the Universe (the freemasonic concept of god) and derives from an the Egyptian Eye of Horus. Tyrell  the "Father" is the replicant version of "God" a mythic construct of humans, whose imagination may also be out of focus. The demand of replicants that they be given a longer life span has parallels in the human world. It has been suggested tat the eye seen early on is that of Dr. Eldon Tyrell, an unsympathetic scientist who is obviously a mortal "god." As noted earlier, this is a cautionary tale for children at play in the field of the immortal god-spirits.



Our supposed reality has models for science fiction. These incude: "Asteroid hyalosis, a degenerative condition of the eye involving small white opacities in the vitreous humor. It is known to occur in humans, dogs, cats and chinchillas." Rod is among the 1 in 200 individuals who has calcium-lipid bodies suspended and rotating in the vitreous humour of the inner eye. This condition has been known since 1894. The asteroid bodies are rounded structures measuring 10–100 nm and exhibit birefringence. This means that these structures polarize light along as many as three refractive indeces. Images which are created at a slight displacement look like winking stars in the sky. In usual cases there is little loss of visual acuity to the amazement of ophthalmologist.



It did not start with the trumpeter. "When you can't make them see the light, make them feel the heat."  - Ronald Reagan.That can work two ways and remember visual art trumps other sensory forms.  Don't know that what follows is entirely true, but it is good advice: "We need to find God (scientists would say Order), and he cannot be found in noise and restlessness. God is the friend of silence. See how nature - trees, flowers, grass- grows in silence; see the stars, the moon and the sun, how they move in silence... We need silence to be able to touch souls."  - Mother Teresa



We have no clear idea where the simulation of worlds will lead humankind, but "As the Internet of things advances, the very notion of a clear dividing line between reality and virtual reality becomes blurred, sometimes in creative ways."
- Geoff Mulgan. In 1992, Hatfield Polytechnic was granted university status by the British government and subsequently renamed University of Herefordshire. That is why Ruth who was born in Hereford earlier on has no memory of a nearby university and explains why it offers a course in digital manipulation.



The short entitled "Powerless" has connections with Disney's "Pinocchio." Instead of a little boy created by a carpenter; a "simulacrum" invented by a German mechanic. That word introduced in the sixteenth century  described something that replaces reality with its representation. At first it indicated a visual representation or a statue and secondarily implies an unsatisfactory attempt at creation. Jean Baudrillard writes in Simulations that an effective simulation will not merely deceive one into believing in a false entity, but in fact signifies the destruction of an original reality that it has replaced.



He writes: "to simulate is not simply to feign...feigning or dissimulation leaves the reality intact...whereas simulation threatens the difference between 'true' and 'false,' between 'real' and 'imaginary.'" In this short film, the creator-god, who seeks company, is unable to empower his creation until a nature spirit seen as a
"firefly" enters this mechanical man.
 


Bladerunner was an early steampunk production.   Since then other visual artists have tried their hand at romancing the simulacrum.



Reminiscent of Tim Burton's movie, Nightmare Before Christmas. Again, digital animation.



Trump is not the only bête noire tale. "Reign Of Death"  features a Bogart-like "Philip Marlowe" in an Art Deco setting.
 


This mechanical man appeared to have told policy that his detective friend murdered his girl friend.



He did not like the answer!



That steampunk pistol managed a hole in one, but notice that left eye.  The eye of Horus?



Urinating upon the inactivated mechanical man proved electrifying.



But reinvigorating for the bowler-hatted simulacrum.



There is a term you probably haven't heard since Enzio Matrix days.  Google him?


 
This is the best cautionary tale regarding the dangers of being inventive. All of Elizabeth Brown's inventions have foundered.  At first she had no interest in marrying this young visitor until she learns he is a fellow inventor.



At that, she rushed upstairs switched to her usual steampunk garb and returned with her latest invention rejected by the Inventor's Guild. She came to suspect that her visitor had written that rejection letter and confronted him. The weapon was, of course, useless.

Here she has just read the young man's business card, which explains that the letter writer was an elderly relative. Turning away in haste produced this result.



Aunt Judith arrived with the tea tray and the hole in the wall was ignored. Coincidence? Ruth Elizabeth Brown was a friend of Judith Williams who succeed in bringing her into an introduction leading to marriage.



If  humans are simulations what is their status? Are they Promethean as the ancient Greeks believed. Prometheus was one of the Titans, the original race of gods sprung from planet itself. He sided with Zeus and the other major sky gods of classical Greece in overthrowing his own people. . Apollodorus and Pausanias confirm that Prometheus molded the human race out of clay. Ovid names Prometheus as creation humankind in godlike form gifting him with intelligence and fire as well as a sense of their fragility and mortality. In some early science fiction novels, the plot centred on the discovery of the elder race of gigantic Titans.



The motion picture Prometheus released in 2012 sent a spaceship containing archaeologists to look into the origins of the human race. The god-alien seen in "Prometheus" looks devilishly dangerous; but in this case, the more humanoid "Engineers" end up as being more of a problem. Seems we share a 100% reptilian-styled DNA with this creature. Sound familiar?



Let's not dwell on this with so many strange things to consider outside move theatres. Additionally Christmas is coming.



There is that gift-giving avatar, who ultimately disappoints little people, just as politicians fail to meet the expectations of big folk.



St. Nicholas was a Bishop who lived in fourth century Myra in Asia Minor  (Turkey). He was a very rich man like Mr. Trump having inherited a good start in life. For a variety of reasons he is the patron saint of sailors, merchants, archers, repentant thieves, children, brewers, pawnbrokers and students in various cities and countries around Roman Catholic Europe. As mentioned elsewhere. he had input into the development of North America's secular Santa.



Father Christmas is the traditional English name for the personification of Christmas. Although now known as a Christmas gift-bringer, and normally considered to be synonymous with the US and international figure of Santa Claus, he was originally part of an unrelated and much older English folkloric tradition. Jolly Old Adolph is seen here in 1934 receiving gifts from both the secular and religious versions of Sinterklass.



Under Oliver Cromwell, Father Christmas almost succumbed to the English Civil War. Under puritanism, he was equated with Popery and Catholicism. Royalist pamphleteers linked the old traditions of Christmas with the cause of King and Church, while radical puritans argued for the suppression of Christmas both in its religious and its secular forms. Following the Restoration in 1660, most traditional Christmas celebrations were revived, but Father Christmas's profile declined. He was largely rescued from oblivion by the interest of the Germanic Royal House of Brunswick when they ascended the throne of England.



The Puritans of New England followed the lead of those in old England. Stephen Nissenbaum, author of The Battle for Christmas, says it was partly because of theology and partly because of the rowdy celebrations that marked the holiday in the 1600s. Until well into the 1800s, businesses and schools in Massachusetts remained open on December 25 while many churches stayed closed.



Father Christmas was seen as the spirit guiding adult hospitality at Christmas and did not become a children's icon until Victorian times when he commenced giving them presents presents on Christmas Eve, coming down  chimneys to fill stockings. Still be was represented then as an ambivalent character, an avatar of control over bad behviour.



Some of the period postcards represent him as a slightly sinister mythological spirit.



During two World Wars he was pictures as supporting both sides of war efforts and sometimes appeared very sinister.



Sometimes this masked man reflected the disillusion of men engaged in these games of war. When the Yanks came to Britain during World War II residual distinctions between Father Christmas and Santa Claus largely faded away.



Those "Broadcasts from Canada" originated with CBC International on the Tantramar marshlands near Sackville.  they continued when Rod was at Mount A in the 1950s and radio waves from the towers were so powerful they sometimes provided audible programming from the hot water heaters of the boy's residence.



In the interest of preserving history Father Christmas is sometimes recreated in his older garb.  The inset shows him during World War II as pictured in an English cartoon. He did have a violent side.



English illustrator Raymond Briggs introduced British children to his human side in the book Father Christmas published in 1979. In it he is represented as a singular old man who complains about everything but ultimately loves what he does.



The book depicts Father Christmas' deliveries as he deals with a range of unusual residences while taking welcome breaks with liquor put out for him. Along the way, Father Christmas talks to only one person, a milkman intended to represent the author's father, Ernest Briggs. Despite his difficulties, Father Christmas completes his itinerary with his last stop being apparently Buckingham Palace.



Thus ends a Tale of Terror and the Supranatural at Yuletide, 2016. We never promised you a rose garden! Click below for "Table Of Contents."